Canadian Prosthetics & Orthotics Journal 2018-11-03T01:00:03+00:00 CPOJ Editorial Office Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Canadian Prosthetics &amp; Orthotics Journal (<span style="font-size: 11.0pt;">ISSN 2561-987X</span>)</strong> is an international peer-reviewed open-access&nbsp;journal established in Ottawa, Canada in 2017. CPOJ promotes&nbsp;unrestricted access to articles specifically for prosthetics and orthotics professionals, researchers, and global rehabilitation teams. <span style="font-family: Arial;">CPOJ encourages international scholars and researchers to submit their original and unpublished manuscripts,&nbsp;theses abstracts and/or research posters in order to disseminate internationally.</span></p> <p>At CPOJ, our strong partnership with highly qualified academic Editors and Reviewers permit our passion for promoting and disseminating knowledge. All articles published by CPOJ are permanently available online to the public without any restriction or subscription fees. All articles are free to be used, cited, and distributed with the appropriate acknowledgements. Authors are the copyright holders of their original contributions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> GLOBAL STANDARDS FOR PROSTHETICS AND ORTHOTICS 2018-11-03T01:00:03+00:00 Edward D Lemaire Terry J Supan Marlo Ortiz <p>Over the past decade, essential documents and agreements have emerged to help improve the lives of people with physical disabilities. These include Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), ratified by more than 170 countries, and the World Health Organization (WHO) global disability action plan. While the principles in these broad agreements can be applied to people who would benefit from assistive technology, specific service standards are required to operationalize the CRPD and WHO objectives. Therefore, WHO, in partnership with the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics (ISPO) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), prepared global standards and an implementation manual to assist Member States in setting up, improving, or transforming their systems for delivering appropriate prosthetic and orthotic services.</p> <p><strong>Article PDF Link: </strong><a href=""></a></p> 2018-10-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## THE IMPORTANCE OF ADDITIONAL MID SWING TOE CLEARANCE FOR AMPUTEES 2018-09-26T01:38:41+00:00 Knut Lechler Kristleifur Kristjansson <p>Increased prosthetic hip to toe distance and insufficient mid swing toe clearance of a prosthetic foot is a well-recognized inadequacy for lower limb prosthesis users with wide and possible grave consequences on their ambulation capabilities.&nbsp; Most important are increased risk of falls and abnormal compensatory gait patterns with secondary unwanted physical effect like generally deceased mobility, muscular-skeletal pain and joint degeneration, i.e. osteoarthritis, with possible significant health economic effect.&nbsp; Even though insufficient toe clearance can be device related and technically or even intentionally induced for attaining equal length of the lower extremities in a neutral standing position or the stance phase, it is important to be aware of available technical solutions that can counteract the problem, like swing phase dorsiflexing feet, vacuum suspension systems, polycentric axis knees rather than single-axis knees and adequate knee flexion in early swing and swing-flexion assistance in the case of bionic knees.</p> <p><a href=""><strong>Article PDF Link:</strong></a></p> 2018-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##