At COPG, we adhere to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) recommendations.
“The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:
– Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
– Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
– Final approval of the version to be published; AND
– Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.”
“All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Contributors who meet fewer than all 4 of the above criteria for authorship should not be listed as authors, but they should be acknowledged.”
Changes in authorship: